By Samantha Glosser
When you hear the term “bipolar disorder” your first thoughts are most likely about the cycle of elevated and depressed moods, of extreme highs and extreme lows. This is to be expected, as these states of mania and depression are hallmark features of bipolar disorder, and they are typically the symptoms highlighted by mainstream media. In mania, individuals exhibit symptoms of high energy, decreased need for sleep, feelings of euphoria, extreme irritability, and impulsivity. In a depressive state, individuals display symptoms of low energy, feelings of helplessness and hopelessness, avolition, and suicidal ideation.
Sometimes there can be more to bipolar disorder than just these symptoms. For some, after the onset of bipolar disorder symptoms, there is a marked decrease in cognitive capacity across a few different areas. Typical cognitive deficits reported with bipolar disorder include the following: difficulties with working memory, such as word retrieval, and executive functioning, such as problems with planning, prioritizing, and organizing behavior. Individuals also experience difficulties retaining information that was just presented to them and can even experience slowed thought processes. These adverse cognitive impacts appear at both polarities of mood. It is also important to distinguish between two types of cognitive deficits: mood-phase specific and enduring. Mood-phase specific cognitive deficits are typical to most individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder, as these symptoms are only present during periods of mood intensity. Enduring deficits, on the other hand, will remain present even when an individual has sustained a period of partial remission or is at a baseline level of functioning (i.e., they are not experiencing mania or depression). Not everyone diagnosed with bipolar disorder experiences enduring cognitive deficits. Individuals with a history of higher acuity symptoms, as well as individuals with a history of treatment resistant symptoms, treatment non-compliance, and/or unhealthy lifestyle choices are more likely to suffer from enduring cognitive deficits.
If you or someone you know appears to be suffering from bipolar disorder, the licensed psychologists, psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, and psychotherapists at Arista Counseling & Psychotherapy can assist you. Contact our Paramus, NJ or Manhattan, NY offices respectively, at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722-1920 to set up an appointment. For more information, visit http://www.counselingpsychotherapynjny.com/
By: Charleene Polanco
According to Mayo Clinic, alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder, is defined as an alcohol use pattern that involves the inability to control ones drinking. For many who are on track to become an alcoholic, it seems pretty easy to keep convincing themselves that they have the ability to quit whenever they want. However, when he or she realizes their alcohol tolerance has increased, and that he or she experiences withdrawal symptoms when not drinking, an alcohol use disorder has developed. The common symptoms of alcoholism include:
- Uncontrolled alcohol consumption
- Using alcohol in unsafe situations, such as driving
- Failure to fulfill major school or work obligations because of repeated alcohol use
- Craving/ urges to drink alcohol
- Withdrawal symptoms like nausea, sweating, and shaking
- Unsuccessful attempts to cut down on the amount of alcohol consumed
Alcoholism is an important issue, because it affects a huge number of the American population. As many as 18 million Americans suffer from alcoholism, and about 100,000 die as a result. Alcoholism is also associated with other social and domestic problems, like job absenteeism and spousal/child abuse. With such a significant portion of the U.S. population suffering from this terrible disorder, and its effects on the individual and loved ones, it is imperative that a person seek help when afflicted with alcohol use disorder.
If you or someone you know is suffering from alcohol use disorder, please contact our psychotherapy offices in New York or New Jersey to talk to one of our licensed professional psychologists, psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, or psychotherapists at Arista Counseling & Psychotherapy. Contact our Paramus, NJ or Manhattan, NY offices respectively, at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722-1920 to set up an appointment. For more information, please visit http://www.counselingpsychotherapynjny.com/.
Mayo Clinic. (2018, July 11). Alcohol use disorder. Retrieved October 9, 2018, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/alcohol-use-disorder/symptoms-causes/syc-20369243
WebMD. (2018). Understanding Alcohol Use Disorder — the Basics. Retrieved October 9, 2018, from https://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/understanding-alcohol-abuse-basics#1
Hypnosis has almost always been portrayed in movies and books as an individual entering a sleep-like trance. Once the individual enters this state of “unconsciousness” he/ she unravels their truth, and shortly after awaken completely unaware that a session took place. It’s important for the general public to understand that this connotation of hypnosis is inaccurate.
Hypnosis by definition is a trance like state where you have heightened suggestibility and are fully conscious and alert. During a session the individual is fully focused, responsive, and less skeptical. The goal of hypnosis is to get the individual into a state of relaxation where the worrisome thoughts and experiences have subsided.
Hypnosis can be helpful for conditions including: chronic pain, stress, anxiety, sleep disorders, depression, grief, symptoms of dementia, ADHD, skin conditions, and behavior disorders like smoking, and nail-biting. It’s important to remember that during hypnosis the individual is always in control throughout the process. Although the therapist provides the patient with guidance throughout the session, the patient is always the main one in charge.
Some of the major benefits of hypnosis over the years include: losing weight, leaving bad habits, overcoming negative emotions, overcoming insomnia, and even improving daily life activities.
If you or someone you know is suffering from any of the conditions listed above or think they could generally benefit from hypnosis, please contact our psychotherapy offices in New York or New Jersey to talk to one of our licensed professional psychologists, psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, or psychotherapists at Arista Counseling & Psychotherapy. Contact our Paramus, NJ or Manhattan, NY offices respectively, at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722-1920 to set up an appointment. For more information, please visit http://www.counselingpsychotherapynjny.com/.
By: Christina Mesa
Child Neglect occurs when a parent, guardian, or caregiver intentionally or irresponsibly does not provide for the basic needs of a child. Neglect is a different form of child abuse as the former is the lack of action while the latter is a form of action. Signs of neglect in a child include frequent absences from school, stealing food, untreated illnesses and physical injuries, ill-fitting clothes, or the child is unsupervised often. Child neglect is hard to detect oftentimes, especially once the child has reached their teenage years.
There are several different types of child neglect:
- Physical neglect is the failure to provide food, shelter, or appropriate supervision
- Medical neglect is the failure to provide proper medical or mental health treatment
- Education neglect occurs when one fails to provide the proper education or special education treatment for a child
- Emotional neglect is the failure to provide psychological care or inattention to a child’s emotional needs
- Abandonment is a type of neglect in which the identity or location of the parent or guardian is unknown, or the child has been left alone in serious circumstances where they suffer harms, or the parent has failed to maintain contact with the child over a specific period of time
If a loved one or a child you known appears to be suffering from neglect, the licensed psychologists, psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, and psychotherapists at Arista Counseling and Psychotherapy can assist you. Contact our Paramus, NJ or Manhattan, NY offices respectively at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722-1920 to set up an appointment. For more information, visit http://www.counselingpsychotherapynjny.com/
Author: Christina Mesa
Childbirth can be accompanied by a mix of emotions, but many women do not expect to be depressed. According to National Institute of Mental Health, Postpartum depression is experienced by around 15% of women who give birth, from all ages, races, ethnicities, and economic statuses. If you are experiencing PPD, you are not alone. Postpartum depression is a mood disorder that can affect women after childbirth. Feelings of sadness, anxiety, and exhaustion may accompany symptoms of postpartum depression and may contribute to a woman’s inability to tend to the needs of herself and her family. There is no particular cause for PPD, as it may result from a variety of different factors. After a woman gives birth, her levels of estrogen and progesterone drop rapidly which can cause chemical changes in her brain. This change can lead to mood swings. New mothers may also be sleep deprived, which may lead to symptoms of PPD.
- Having trouble bonding or forming an emotional attachment with her baby
- Persistently doubting her ability to care for her baby
- Thinking about harming herself or her baby
- Having trouble concentrating, remembering details, and making decisions
- Suffering from physical aches and pains, including frequent headaches, stomach problems, and muscle pain
- Withdrawing from or avoiding friends and family
There are several risk factors that may put some women at a greater risk for postpartum depression.
Risk Factors include:
- Symptoms of depression during or after previous pregnancy
- A stressful life event during or after giving birth e.g. Death of loved one, job loss, domestic violence
- mixed feelings about the pregnancy
- alcohol or drug abuse problems
If you or a loved one appears to be suffering from postpartum depression, licensed psychologists, psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, and psychotherapists at Arista Counseling & Psychotherapy can assist you. Contact our Paramus, NJ or Manhattan, NY offices respectively, at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722-1920 to set up an appointment. For more information, visit http://www.counselingpsychotherapynjny.com/
Phobias: Specific Phobias
By: Christina Mesa
Ever had a strong fear of something in particular? Ever try everything in your power to avoid a certain stressor? You may have a specific phobia. A phobias is a type of anxiety disorder in which the individual has an irrational fear of something that poses little or no actual danger. A phobia is associated with enormous distress which can interfere with daily life. Individuals with phobias tend to go to great lengths to avoid their stressor. Specific phobias are slightly more common in women than in men and also seem to run in families. They usually begin in adolescence or adulthood as well, however the cause is unknown. Types of specific phobias include social phobia, the fear of being in crowded places, claustrophobia, the fear of tight spaces, and arachnophobia, which is the fear of spider. Physical symptoms include nausea, sweating, trembling or shaking, problems with breathing, and feeling dizzy or lightheaded. Around 19 million Americans have specific phobias, so you are not alone.
If you or a loved one is suffering from a specific phobia, licensed psychologists, psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, and psychotherapists at Arista Counseling & Psychotherapy can assist you. Contact our Paramus, NJ or Manhattan, NY offices respectively, at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722-1920 to set up an appointment. For more information, visit http://www.counselingpsychotherapynjny.com/