Bipolar Disorder in Homeland

By Miranda Botti

Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depressive disorder, often shows its troubled face in Hollywood. The vast majority of the time, however, the character who wields this troubling disorder is shown through a very negative light. Certainly, bipolar disorder is a very difficult mental illness to possess, however, those afflicted can still be great individuals who do great things. One Hollywood character, Carrie Mathison from Homeland, deals with intense and at times debilitating bipolar disorder, but, is at the very top of her field. Carrie works as a CIA agent, consistently solving the toughest of cases and working to recruit new assets. Carrie is the cinematic proof that our society needs to move past the idea that bipolar disorder prevents you from achieving greatness.

Although Carrie Mathison is an incredibly gifted individual who works as one of the United States’ top spies, her bipolar disorder is very real and the show keeps it as so. She is impulsive, at times irrational, and when she is off her lithium medication, her mind races and she speaks somewhat incoherently, being the only one able to decipher what she says. When her mania dissipates and the depression kicks in, she is bed ridden for days, unable to break through the dark shadow that hangs over her. Carrie’s episodes are very realistic and provide a great example of what it is like to live with bipolar disorder. For this, Carrie is the perfect representation of a highly intelligent, successful individual that, despite her mental health issues, continues to contribute to society. This is a message that should be spread throughout Hollywood. For many, art imitates life, and to a large extent that is true. However, representing individuals afflicted with mental illnesses as inept, violent, and dangerous is not only extremely inaccurate, but also unfair. People with mental illness should be portrayed not only because of their mental illnesses but also because of their positive qualities. As Carrie Mathison, and thousands of people every day prove, mental illness does not totally define anyone nor does it stop anyone from making a meaningful impact or from being a positive, influential person. I hope to see more characters like Carrie Mathison in Hollywood’s future, accurately portraying mental health issues.

 If you or someone you know is suffering from Bipolar disorder, contact our psychotherapy offices in New York or New Jersey to talk to one of our licensed professional psychologists, psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, and psychotherapists at Arista Counseling & Psychotherapy. Contact our Paramus, NJ or Manhattan, NY offices respectively, at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722-1920 to set up an appointment. For more information, visit http://www.counselingpsychotherapynjny.com/.

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/shrink-speak/201411/homeland-true-portrayal-mental-illness

 

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Depression: Why Exercise Can Help (part 1: what is depression?)

Eve Bae

With around 16.1 million Americans affected by major depressive disorder and around 3.3 million American adults affected by persistent depressive disorder1, it is imperative for health care professionals to figure out how to help patients suffering with their disorder. These statistics even exclude children and those under the age of legal adulthood, making the number of afflicted patients most likely greater. With the different types and degrees of severity of depression, it is difficult to state that there is one encompassing solution for this multifaceted diagnosis.

Depression is a state of being characterized by multiple symptoms such as depressed mood, diminished interest or pleasure, fatigue, negative feelings of worthlessness, difficulties with concentration or thinking which impair the patient’s daily life activities. The patient must have been feeling this way for at least the same 2 week period and all symptoms must be caused solely by this disorder. This condition can have a biological, social, or even environmental base. Researchers have found that people suffering from depression have a smaller hippocampus and other biological differences, which differentiate them from those who do not suffer from this condition. Another area explored and hypothesized is the role neurotransmitters play in this disorder. Harvard researchers, doctors, and psychologists acknowledge that the brain is a dynamic system with no one neurotransmitter as the sole cause for all patients but there may be different problematic neurotransmitters for each patient. When the fragile balance of serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine, glutamate, and/or GABA is disrupted, it affects the brain and ultimately the patient, influencing their moods, emotions, and behavior.

If you or someone you know is suffering from depression, contact our psychotherapy offices in New York or New Jersey to talk to one of our licensed professional psychologists, psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, and psychotherapists at Arista Counseling & Psychotherapy. Contact our Paramus, NJ or Manhattan, NY offices respectively, at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722-1920 to set up an appointment. For more information, visit http://www.counselingpsychotherapynjny.com/.

So how can exercise help this difficult disorder? Onto Part 2!

  1. adaa.org/about-adaa/press-room/facts-statistics
  2. photo: affinitymagazine.us/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/1468445687-depression.jpg

Mania

There may be times individuals experience bursts of energy and during this time they may have little to no sleep and still feel energized, speak at a faster pace than usual, or participate in high risk behaviors/goal directed behaviors. These symptoms can be found in someone diagnosed with mania. When one experiences these symptoms, they may experience a feeling of euphoria that gradually declines. Mania is usually associated with some form of mood disorder such as bipolar disorder and is not by itself a diagnosis. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Volume 5 (DSM-V), mania is characterized by a period of at least 1 week where an elevated, expansive or unusually irritable mood is present. A person experiencing a manic episode also is usually engaged in significant goal-directed activity beyond their normal activities.  This behavior is usually observable by others. When someone is experiencing a manic episode, it usually causes some level of impairment.  As mentioned previously, once a manic individual’s euphoric state starts to decline, they may end up in a state of depression. As individuals are switching from one state to another, they may cause great harm to themselves or others.

If you know anyone who has experienced this behavior, encourage them to seek professional help. With offices in Manhattan and New Jersey (Paramus and Englewood), Arista Counseling offers treatment for bipolar disorder, depression, personality disorders, and much more. Evaluations are also performed on site. Please feel free to contact us at or Manhattan location at (212) 996-3939 or at our New Jersey location at (201) 368-3700.

Written by: L Matthew

How to Recognize a Sociopath

Sociopaths: devious, controlling, cunning. If you ever come across someone with this toxic antisocial personality disorder, it is important to know how to recognize the signs for your own personal safety. These people repeatedly disregard the feelings of others while seeking only to please themselves. They are unable to have the ability to organize their emotions and therefore have no shame about their actions, regardless of how it makes those around them feel. Often, they find internal gratification from hurting others. Below are some warning signs to help you identify a sociopath:

  • A discrepancy between what the person says, and what the person does
  • Making excuses for themselves when they are caught in a lie
  • Changing the subject when they are caught in a lie
  • Beating around the bush when asked questions about the lie you caught them in or not answering them directly
  • Knowing others’ vulnerabilities and manipulating them for personal gain
  • Ability to understand laws and rules, but being unable to understand emotionally why those rules are in place
  • No feelings of shame when they know they have hurt other people
  • Repeatedly putting themselves in situations which could get them arrested
  • Disregarding the safety of themselves or others
  • Constant irritability, hostility, and antagonism
  • Performing cruel and gruesome acts on animals

If these warning signs sound like they apply to yourself or someone you know, it is very important to start therapy. With the help of a medical professional, the combination of medication and psychotherapy can help people with this personality disorder.

The psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, social workers, or psychotherapists at Arista Counseling can help you. Contact our Paramus, NJ or Manhattan, NY offices respectively at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722 1920 to set up an appointment.

Visit http://www.acenterfortherapy.com for more information.

Sources:

“Sociopath X – ALL ABOUT SOCIOPATHS – Sociopathic Personality Disorder and Types.” D for Depression Depressive Psychological Disorders. Depression D, 2010. Web. 04 Mar. 2016.

By: Scout H

Bipolar Disorder: Signs and Symptoms

bipolar-disorder

Bipolar Disorder: Signs and Symptoms

Catherine Ferreira

Bipolar disorder has a history of being greatly misunderstood. Often confused with Dissociative Identity Disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder), it is an affliction whereby the afflicted goes through on-and-off periods of mania and depression. Symptoms for bipolar depression include:

  • Depressed mood
  • Change in weight (not due to dieting)
  • Change in sleeping habits
  • Fidgety OR slow
  • Fatigue
  • Feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt
  • Poor concentration or having difficulty making decisions
  • Thinking about death or suicide

On the other hand, symptoms of bipolar mania include:

  • Exaggerated beliefs of having power, importance or ability
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Extremely talkative
  • Rapidly changing, unrelated or racing thoughts
  • Easily distracted
  • Extremely driven behavior
  • Risky behavior

How to deal with bipolar disorder in a way that goes beyond medication? Simple: psychotherapy and support groups.

If you or a loved one experience the above symptoms, the psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurse practitioners or psychotherapists at Arista Counseling can assist you. Contact our Bergen County, NJ or Manhattan offices of psychologists, psychiatrists, and psychotherapists at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722-1920 to set up an appointment.  Visit http://www.acenterfortherapy.com for more information.

Source : http://www.healthline.com/health/bipolar-disorder-symptom-information?driverbipolarsymptoms

Dual Diagnosis: Substance Abuse and Bipolar Disorder

substance-abuse-bipolar-disorder-therapy-nj
By: Michelle J. Hong

As most of us know, bipolar disorder is a mental illness that induces the two mental states of mania and depression. These two polar opposite states can cause elevated energy levels, anxiety, depression, sleeplessness, etc. Because of this constant war of going back and forth between the two mental states, individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder tend to self-medicate to feel “normal”. Unfortunately, often these individuals do not realize that drugs and alcohol have the opposite effect on their illness, and exacerbate the symptoms of bipolar disorder. Self-medication usually includes all types of drugs such as alcohol, marijuana, illegally obtained prescription pills, and other mood-altering substances. Approximately 60% of people who suffer from bipolar disorder experience substance abuse at least once in their lifetime. People who exhibit both bipolar disorder and drug and alcohol problems have a dual diagnosis of bipolar disorder and substance abuse, but it is important to locate a psychologist, a psychiatric nurse, or a psychologist who can correctly diagnose this. When individuals with bipolar disorder use drugs and alcohol while taking mood-stabilizing medication, it can often interfere with the medication’s effectiveness and create chemical imbalances in the brain that can worsen the manic and depressive episodes. Substance abuse effects can mask the symptoms of bipolar disorder, resulting in incorrect treatment. In order to prevent misdiagnosis of individuals with both bipolar disorder and substance abuse, the substance abuse needs to stop. Once individual no longer abuses substances, a proper evaluation and diagnosis can take place. Dual diagnosis treatments are becoming more common to accurately diagnose both disorders and give the most fitting treatment for these individuals.

 

If you or a loved one live in Manhattan or Bergen County New Jersey and might be suffering from bipolar disorder and/or substance abuse, the psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurse practitioners or psychotherapists at Arista Counseling can assist you. Contact our Bergen County, NJ or Manhattan offices of psychologists, psychiatrists, and psychotherapists at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722-1920 to set up an appointment.  Visit http://www.acenterfortherapy.com for more information

 

Sources:

http://www.recoveryranch.com/articles/dual-diagnosis/bipolar-disorder-substance-abuse/

http://www.addictionsearch.com/treatment_articles/article/understanding-the-connection-between-drug-addiction-and-bipolar-disorder_108.html

Bipolar Disorder: Importance of Treatment

Bipolar-Disorder-treatment1By: Michelle J. Hong

Thousands of Americans today suffer from a mental illness known as bipolar disorder. This common disorder is commonly known to be a complex, difficult disease due to the manifestations of the ups of mania and lows of depression. The individual experiences unpredictable moods such as bursts of overconfidence, restlessness, suicidal thoughts, etc., through “manic” and “depressive” episodes that bleed over to various aspects of an individual’s life, such as the workplace, home, and social settings. Unfortunately, these two opposite states can present themselves simultaneously, which makes the disease that much more difficult to cope with emotionally, mentally, and physically. The onset of this disease is usually during adolescence and early adulthood, but it can happen at any age. The causes of bipolar disorder could be due to chemical changes in your brain, family history, or it could be unclear. This disease also does not discriminate; it can affect people across all ages, genders, and races.

Bipolar disorder is a serious, long-term illness, and treatment and therapy are vital to self-improvement and management of the illness. Although bipolar disorder cannot be prevented, it can be managed through two types of treatments: medicine and talk therapy. There are prescribed medicine known as mood-stabilizers that can work to control an individual’s moods and “stabilize” states. Talk therapy involves talking to a psychologist, social worker, or mental health counselor in order to learn how the disease influences an individual’s character, emotions, and actions. There are devastating consequences if this mental illness goes untreated; a majority of untreated individuals are in constant states of struggle and are easily susceptible to depression, which can lead individuals to self-harm or attempt suicide. If left untreated, individuals can become psychotic which is characterized by hallucinations and delusions. The instability of the mind will increase because this disease is not fleeting; it lasts a lifetime.

If you or a loved one live in Manhattan or Bergen County New Jersey and might be suffering from bipolar disorder or depression, the psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurse practitioners or psychotherapists at Arista Counseling can assist you. Contact our Bergen County, NJ or Manhattan offices of psychologists, psychiatrists, and psychotherapists at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722-1920 to set up an appointment. Visit http://www.acenterfortherapy.com for more information

Sources: http://www.suicide.org/bipolar-disorder-and-suicide.html

ADHD vs. Bipolar Disorder

adhd vs bipolar disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Bipolar Disorder are often difficult to diagnose due to the fact that they share many symptoms. ADHD can be characterized by debilitating inattention and hyperactivity, where as bipolar disorder is characterized by mood swings between high energy and activity and feelings of sadness or depression. Some symptoms that often manifest in both patients with ADHD and bipolar disorder are:

  • Rapid, impulsive speech
  • Physical restlessness
  • Trouble focusing
  • Irritability, and sometimes
  • Defiant or oppositional behavior

If you, or a loved one, are suffering from ADHD or Bipolar Disorder and need diagnosis or treatment, the licensed professional psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurse practitioners and psychotherapists at Arista Counseling and Psychological Services can assist you. Contact our Bergen County, NJ or Manhattan, NY offices of psychologists, psychiatrists, and psychotherapists at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722-1920 to set up an appointment. Visit http://www.acenterfortherapy.com for more information at Arista Counseling

Bipolar Disorder is often Diagnosed after a Failed Trial with Anti-Depressant Medication

By: Judy Gurfein

Often failure of a depressed individual to respond to antidepressant medication signals that the patient is actually suffering from the depressive stage of a bipolar disorder. When a patient who is depressed takes an antidepressant medication, the patient usually reports less depression, increased motivation, improved mood, and reduced anxiety. However, if the patient actually has bipolar disorder and appears to be depressed because he or she is in the depressed phase of a bipolar disorder, the antidepressant will often result in increased anxiety and increased agitation, with no improvement in depressive symptoms. This should be a signal that the patient probably has bipolar disorder and not unipolar depression. Appropriate medication should then be prescribed which will reduce the depressive symptoms but which will not increase agitation, anger or other symptoms of mania.

 

If you or a loved one live in Manhattan or Bergen County New Jersey and might be suffering from bipolar disorder or depression, the psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurse practitioners or psychotherapists at Arista Counseling can assist you. Contact our Bergen County, NJ or Manhattan offices of psychologists, psychiatrists, and psychotherapists at (201) 368-3700 or (212) 722-1920 to set up an appointment.  Visit http://www.acenterfortherapy.com for more information

POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

By: Tiffany Moore

postpartum-depression-bergen-county-nj-therapy

What is postpartum depression? Many mothers will feel anxious, restless, irritated and sad for the first few weeks after giving birth. However, when those symptoms do not go away it becomes postpartum depression, “Postpartum depression will usually occur within four to twelve weeks after giving birth, although it can take up to a year to develop.” This disorder can go untreated because of how fast or slow it can develop. Some women do not even realize that they are depressed still because they assume it is just their hormones.

Recent studies have shown that women, who have had previous disorders, are more likely to develop postpartum depression, “Two-thirds of women with postpartum depression had a comorbid psychiatric disorder. In more than 80% of these cases, the women also had an anxiety disorder.” Some women may develop postpartum depression if they have a disorder before having a child, will increase their likely hood of developing postpartum depression. Women who do have postpartum depression will have all the symptoms of depression, which include fatigue, isolation and even thoughts of suicide. Some have even attempted to commit suicide.

If you feel that you are experiencing any symptoms of depression after having your child, tell your doctor. Also, if you do have any disorder ranging from anxiety to bipolar disorder, tell your doctor. Therapy and the right medication can help with postpartum depression once it has been diagnosed.

Source:

Joannides, P. (2013, March 22). Postpartum Depression Is Common and Often Untreated. Retrieved December 3, 2014, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/you-it/201303/postpartum-depression-is-common-and-often-untreated